As a special education teacher of kids with communication disabilities, I have spent years in classrooms working with kids who struggle to acquire language or engage socially. Now as a mom of a very verbal four year old I have the opposite problem. My son is very social and has a lot to say... ALL.THE.TIME. Sometimes I'm not totally sure how to handle it.
I love having someone to talk with during the day, so I don't totally realize how much he talks until I'm around other adults and they can barely get a word in edgewise. When kids are younger, adults tend to ignore the interruptions and either acknowledge the child quickly and move on, or just talk over the child. If interrupt-itis isn't addressed, it can get out of control as kids get older and become a bad habit.
Once children are in school they are taught cues and signals to get the teacher's attention like raising their hand... but typically in your home you're not going to make your kids raise their hand until you're ready to call on them... right? So, what do you do? How do you teach your child to wait patiently for their turn in a conversation and interrupt appropriately?
I have been loving Julia Cook's book called My Mouth is a Volcano.
It is a children's life skills book that takes an entertaining approach to teaching kids about interrupting and explains a simple technique to help them curb their verbal explosions. My son has been in love with volcanoes for awhile, so this was the perfect book to use as we began to address the topic of interrupting with him.
After reading this book again (and again), we have spent a lot of time role playing and modeling how to interrupt appropriately in our house. This method is one that is working for us right now, but I'm sure we'll tweak it as my son gets older.
Teaching Kids to Interrupt Appropriately (or wait their turn):
1. Tell your child to touch the adult on the arm (or just gently hold their arm) when they have something to say and the adult is already talking to someone else. Teach them not to say, "mom mom mom" over and over again or tap incessantly.
2. Tell your child that you will acknowledge them with a look or a touch (I will place my hand on my son's hand or give him a look that says, "I see you."). I also have put my hand up kind of like a stop sign to remind my son to stop and wait. He needs that cue... it would annoy some kids. When I touch my hand on top of my son's hand and leave it there it seems to reassure him that I will get to him. Once I am done talking I take my hand off and give him my attention.
3. Have your child practice recognizing the eye contact or nonverbal message that means "I see you, I'll give you a turn soon" and practice having them go and find something else to do nearby until it is their turn. Some kids can wait patiently... but my son just gets more anxious, so he needs a task to do until I am done with my conversation.
Older kids can learn how to wait for breaks in a conversation and jump in. That is a pretty complex skill so I wouldn't expect most preschoolers to be able to recognize conversation breaks/pauses. You can help train them though by making them aware of breaks in conversation.
4. When you are practicing with your child, assure them that you will make time in the conversation for them... and then make sure you follow through with that. After your child has waited for their turn to talk for a few minutes, make sure to bring them into the conversation and allow them to share their thoughts/ideas.
5. Teach kids that there are exceptions to the "no interrupting/wait patiently" rule if there is an emergency. Talk about what constitutes an emergency.
Role play these scenarios again and again! My son loves practicing with me and my husband. We take turns being the ones in a conversation and being the interrupter so that everyone gets a chance to practice.
You can also have your child role play with friends or siblings, since some kids tend to interrupt their friends a lot. This can then cause them to become the kid that no one likes because they are not respectful of their friend's conversations (as detailed in Julia Cook's book mentioned above).
Things to think about:
- If you actively include your child in your conversations and take time to ask for their opinions, they will feel less starved for attention and will probably interrupt less.
- Toddlers and preschoolers can't wait for that long. If you are trying to have a long conversation and your child keeps interrupting and can't wait any longer... maybe you should be having your conversation when they are napping, in bed, or at another time.
- Be an advocate for your child when you are spending time with your friends. If they keep talking over your child and never attempt to include your child in a conversation, maybe you should find a time to chat with them when your child isn't around.
- If you have friends coming over that are notoriously bad at including your child and your child tends to interrupt a lot or try and compete for your attention, take breaks to spend special 1:1 time with your child throughout their visit. These don't need to be lengthy breaks, but enough that your child feels like they aren't ignored. You can also find special jobs for them to do to help you or have special activities/projects that they can do sitting right next to you that keep them engaged while you can carry on a conversation.
- Patience and waiting takes practice. Set up "practice" time where you work on these sort of skills when your child isn't in a situation where it is required. The more you practice, the better your child will get at doing it when it is an actual situation and they need to be patient and wait.
There are many adults that believe that children should be seen and not heard... or quiet when adults are speaking... but then I also see adults interrupting kids (or others) all the time... and having no consequences... so it is hard for kids to understand why they can't interrupt too. Make sure that you are being fair with your kids and you are equally respectful of their conversations so that you are setting a good example.
As a former teacher of kids in kindergarten through third grade I definitely think that teaching these skills need to start sooner rather than later. Your child's kindergarten teacher will thank you. I feel bad that I am just starting to work on this with my son and he's already four. Up until now it has been easy to quickly respond to him and then get back to my conversation... but now I think interrupting has become a bad habit for him.
I have collected several great articles about interrupting that you can check out. I don't have the answer to solving "interrupt-itis," but I think a combination of all of these great ideas can help you formulate your own way to handle this challenge with your kids. Children are different, so something that works for one might not work for another. My main recommendation would be to pick your approach, be consistent with it for awhile, assess how it is going, and if it isn't working, try something else.
I would love to hear how you handle interrupting in your home or classroom. If you don't have a strategy yet, I would love to hear your thoughts on these articles below and which ideas you might decide to try.
How to Stop your Preschooler from Interrupting via Disney Family.com
Interrupting: 6 Ways to Get Your Child to Stop via iVillage
"Stop Interrupting!" via Child Perspective
Teach Your Kids to Stop Interrupting via MSN Lifestyle
3 Ways to Cure Your Child's Case of Interrupt-itis via Circle of Moms
Parenting Advice When Kid's Interrupt via The Seeds Network
When Kid's Interrupt via Love and Logic Institute
Stop Interrupting Me! via The Parenting Coach
How to Manage Interruptions in Your Montessori Classroom or Homeschool via Living Montessori Now
Do you have any other great resources, tips, or tools on this topic to share with us?
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